Modern times: the untold story of modernism in Australia / Powerhouse Museum
Modern times: the untold story of modernism in Australia
8 August 2008 > 15 February 2009
The Powerhouse Museum will stage a new exhibition Modern times: the untold story of modernism in Australia exploring how the modernist movement in first half of the 20th century reshaped Australian cities and transformed urban culture.
Bringing together over 400 artworks and artefacts, Modern times focuses on a series of major interdisciplinary exchanges between modern architects, artists and designers.
A modernist vision of Australia –
The interior of the Australian Pavilion at Expo 67 in Montreal, 1967, designed by Robin Boyd and featuring Grant and Mary Featherston’s wing sound chairs.
Photo courtesy National Archives of Australia
A major exhibition opening for Sydney Design 08 in August, Modern times looks closely at the transformation of modern city life. The advent of cars, freeways, skyscrapers and new entertainment such as cinemas, milk bars, swimming pools, cafes and pubs are all legacies of modernism as revealed through the exhibition.
The exhibition spans five decades from 1917 to 1967 – a tumultuous period marked by global wars, economic depression, a technological revolution and major social changes – out of which a modern cosmopolitan culture was shaped.
“The modernist movement was inspired by various European avant-gardes that projected visions of a better future, shaped by many competing positions. It was through émigrés, expatriates, exhibitions and publications that modernism become known in Australia,” Ann Stephen said. Encompassing art, design and architecture, Modern times focuses on seven themes: 1. the human body, image and health; 2. international influences and exchanges; 3. Indigenous art and modernism; 4. Interdisciplinary projects with retailers; 5. city landscapes and urban life; 6. public pools and milk bars; and 7. the space age.
Several great modern public pools were designed in Australia initially as part of an international swimming boom in the 1930s and boosted by the 1956 Melbourne Olympics. These will be shown on a large, immersive, panoramic audio visual screen celebrating the most Australian of past-times, being poolside. The earliest 1920s swimming costumes by silent film star Annette Kellerman, several decades of Australian icon ‘Speedo’ cossies and an early bikini will also be on display.
The much-loved corner milk bar from the 1930s will also be recreated in the exhibition for visitors to enter, complete with lolly jars, milkshakes and a juke box.
View of the elevated restaurant, Centenary Pool, Brisbane.
Photo: James Birrrell.
Grant and Mary Featherston, ‘Expo mark II sound chair’, 1967, which featured in the Australian Pavilion at Expo 67 in Montreal. Powerhouse Museum, gift of BHP, 1986.
Photo: Penelope Clay, Powerhouse Museum.
Other story highlights in the exhibition include Robin Boyd’s ‘House of Tomorrow’ that featured at the 1949 Modern Home Exhibition in Melbourne; and Boyd’s memorable Australian pavilion at the 1967 Montreal Expo that showcased Australian design including the iconic Featherston wing sound chairs and hostess uniforms designed by Zara Holt, wife of then prime minister Harold Holt.
Modernism also inspired new forms of public art and design like the abstract fountains by Tom Bass on Sydney’s former P&O building and Robert Woodward’s El Alamein Memorial Fountain, a popular tourist site in Sydney’s Kings Cross. Modernism shaped an exultant explosion of experiment as part of the Space Age informing such spectacular architectural feats as Roy Grounds’ dome for the Australian Academy of Science in Canberra and Jørn Utzon’s internationally-acclaimed Sydney Opera House, both featured in the exhibition.
The exhibition on tour
Modern times: the untold story of modernism in Australia is on show at the Powerhouse Museum until 15 February 2009. The exhibition will then tour to Melbourne at Heide Museum of Modern Art (21 March-12 July 2009) and Brisbane at the Queensland State Library (31 July-25 October 2009 )
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